Ways of Selecting Epilepsy Treatment Drugs
Epilepsy is one of the chronic neurological disorder where the individual suffers from seizures. This neurological disorder is experienced by many people across the world. AIDS, stroke, meningitis and traumatic brain injury are believed to be the main causes of epilepsy. There is a chance that a person can inherit the neurological disorder from his parents if one them has the condition. Individuals who have epilepsy will have some items which can be identified as triggers if the disorder. Stress, lack of sleep, alcohol and illness are some if the triggers that an individual may face if he has the epileptic condition. Individuals with epilepsy usually have different triggers which may involve a combination of various things. The type of seizures an individual has will determine the type of medication provided in managing the neurological disorder. There are mainly two type of seizures which include the generalized seizures and focal seizures. In each the two cause different reactions in individuals with focal causing dizziness, loss of five senses and twitching of limbs while generalized seizures cause loss of bladder and jerking movement of legs and arms.
Epilepsy treatment drugs are based on the kind of seizures the person experiences. The drugs have been placed into two categories and they differ in terms of the side effects. The first drug which is known as the broad spectrum anti- epilepsy drugs mainly treats more than one type of seizures and the effects are insomnia, fatigue and dizziness. The other drug for treating epilepsy is know as narrow spectrum and it is mainly used to manage some type software seizures with side effects being different since the drug is administered in different ways. There is the oral tablet, IV injection and solution. The person with epilepsy mostly ha recurrent seizures and these drugs ensure that the seizures have stopped or fewer. The triggers that a person has identified are mostly used to show the effectiveness of the drugs. The condition needs to be managed since there are various risk factors.
If the individual has been on the anti-epilepsy drugs and the condition instead improve then there are alternative treatment methods. Brain surgery and vagus nerve stimulations are options available to patient of epilepsy when the drugs don’t work. There is a stimulator placed under the epileptic person skin which sends electrical activity to the brain that prevents the seizures. In brain surgery the part that causes seizures is removed but the process is final when it came me to treating epilepsy. Ketogenic diet can also be initiated when the medication doesn’t work with studies showing improvement for those who undertake this diet.
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